A fracture is a broken bone. It can range from a thin crack to a complete break. Bone can fracture crosswise, lengthwise, in several places, or into many pieces. Most fractures happen when a bone is impacted by more force or pressure than it can support.
Most fractures are accompanied by intense pain when the initial injury occurs. It may become worse when you move or touch the injured area. In some cases, you may even pass out from the pain. You may also feel dizzy or chilled from shock. You can develop a fracture when your bone is impacted with greater pressure or force than it can support. This force usually occurs suddenly or is very intense. The strength of the force determines the severity of the fracture.
A doctor will carry out a physical examination, identify signs and symptoms, and make a diagnosis. If you suspect you have a fracture, get medical attention immediately. Your doctor will likely ask you about your symptoms and perform a visual examination of the injured area. They may ask you to move the area in certain ways to check for pain or other signs of injury. Doctors will often order an X-ray. In some cases, an MRI or CT scan may also be ordered.
Fracture treatment is usually aimed at making sure there is the best possible function of the injured part after healing. For the natural healing process to begin, the ends of the broken bone need to be lined up - this is known as reducing the fracture. The patient is usually asleep under a general anesthetic when fracture reduction is done. Fracture reduction may be done by manipulation, closed reduction (pulling the bone fragments), or surgery.
You can’t prevent all fractures. But you can work to keep your bones strong so they’ll be less susceptible to damage. To maintain your bone strength, consume a nutritious diet, including foods that are rich in calcium and vitamin D. It’s also important to exercise regularly. Weight-bearing exercises are particularly helpful for building and maintaining bone strength.
Some ways through which you can prevent fracture are :
Nutrition & Sunlight - the human body needs adequate supplies of calcium for healthy bones as well as vitamin D to absorb calcium - exposure to sunlight
Physical Activity -the more weight-bearing exercises you do, the stronger and denser your bones will be.